The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan with Kabul as the capital is the only country in the Middle East that has no access to the sea and one of the most important geographical features of Afghanistan is its mountainous climate. Afghanistan has common land borders with Iran and China to the west, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan to the north, and Pakistan to the south. The currency of this country is Afghani. In recent years, the most important importing products of this country have been chemicals, petroleum products, construction materials and food. Consecutive and civil wars are one of the factors affecting the lack of development of the economic infrastructure of this country and geographical proximity and cultural affinities have provided the ground for the presence of Iranian and non-Iranian goods and services in this country.